SPs are trained to portray each patient case. A complete history is provided to you that includes the patient’s complaint for which they come to see the doctor, the past medical history, and details about their life such as their job, family and activities. We also describe the emotional state they are in when they see the doctor. By learning this history you can learn to simulate that person, and speak to the doctor (learner) just as the patient would. We will also show you how to move like that patient, and how to react to the physical examination. For example, you may be portraying someone with a bad back. We will show you where it hurts and what the patient could or could do because of the back problem. If you are supposed to portray someone with a pain in the abdomen you would be shown how to react when it is pressed in certain places.